Climate Security in Africa
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Countries emitting the least greenhouse gases are among the most threatened by climate change and related insecurity. Many African nations - already among the poorest on earth - are facing extreme weather conditions, spiralling temperatures and rising sea levels. These shocks and stresses are undermining food security, contributing to population displacement, and driving unrest and instability.
The relationships between climate change and insecurity are complex and compounding. Changes in temperature, rainfall, soil moisture and water acidity can all serve as “threat multipliers” for political and social violence. When access to food and water become more constrained, tensions can intensify between farmers, herders, rural dwellers and urban residents.
A new series of studies from the Igarapé Institute explores the risks presented by climate change, deteriorating socio-economic conditions and organized and interpersonal violence in Africa. The focus is on the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, among the world’s most vulnerable regions to climate change. The Institute also shines a light on innovative solutions to mitigate, adapt and build resilience to climate-related threats.