Manual for vulnerability assessment of public spaces
In its effort to enhance the protection of public spaces, the European Union’s Directorate General for Migration and Home Affaires (DG HOME) has developed the EU Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VAT) (DG HOME, 2019) which main objective is to provide practical support to Member States to enhance the protection of public spaces by facilitating the conduction of an on-site vulnerability assessment.
As a part of the Commission’s efforts to support local and regional authorities in the protection of urban spaces, the Manual described in the present report meant to aid Municipal staff that is responsible for safety and security in public space and their stakeholders in the use of the VAT provided by the EU.
This Manual support them in identifying vulnerabilities and providing awareness of soft targets against terrorism. The areas we identify as public space must be areas where regular and / or incidental masses of public come for an activity. Categories of the main sites can be transport hubs, squares, shopping areas, and places of worship, cultural -, business -or institutional venues.
The VAT Manual make part of the PRoTECT project, which objective is to strengthen Municipalities staff’ capabilities in public spaces protection by putting in place an overarching concept where tools, technology, training, and field demonstrations will lead to situational awareness and improve direct responses to secure public places before, during and after a terrorist threat.