The new EU Roma strategic framework for equality, inclusion and participation
The Roma are Europe’s largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated 10 to 12 million Roma living in Europe, approximately 6 million are citizens or residents of the EU. Many EU Roma are still victims of prejudice and social exclusion, despite the discrimination ban across EU Member States.
The umbrella-term ‘Roma’ encompasses diverse groups, including Roma, Sinti, Kale, Romanichels, Boyash/Rudari, Ashkali, Egyptians, Yenish, Dom, Lom, Rom and Abdal, as well as Traveller populations (gens du voyage, Gypsies, Camminanti, etc.). EU policy documents and discussions commonly employ this terminology.
The first direct contribution to implementing the EU Action Plan against racism 2020-2025, the EU Roma strategic framework aims to give all Roma the opportunity to realise their full potential. To this end, the new initiative sets out a comprehensive three-pillar approach: equality with all other members of society, social and economic inclusion, and participation in political, social, economic and cultural life. This strategic framework is accompanied by a proposal for a Council Recommendation ensuring that the Commission and Member States work hand in hand.