Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe 1990 - 2019
The University of Oslo based C-REX - Center for Research on Extremism built the Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence (RTV) dataset following the 22 July 2011 terrorist attacks in Norway and the discovery of the German terrorist cell Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund in the same year. These two events exposed a critical need for more updated and systematic events data on right-wing terrorism and violence in post-1990 Western Europe.
The RTV dataset documents right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe since 1990. Each event has been coded on a range of variables, including time and location, perpetrator and victim characteristics, organizational affiliations, weapon types, and number of casualties. The dataset includes only the most severe types of events.
C-REX has now officially released an updated version of the RTV dataset, documenting right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe 1990-2019.
In 2019, there were four fatal and 112 severe, but non-fatal, right-wing violent events in Western Europe. The four fatal events resulted in five fatalities. From a long-term perspective (since the 1990s), these are low figures. From a short-term perspective, 2019 is the second most deadly of the past six years, only surpassed by 2016, which had nine fatal attacks resulting in 17 fatalities. In absolute terms, most RTV attacks took place in Germany, followed by Italy, the UK, Spain and Greece.